What Are The 7 Chakras?

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What is the Root Chakra, Sacral Chakra, Solar Plexus Chakra, Heart Chakra, Throat Chakra, Third-Eye Chakra and Crown Chakra?


List of 7 Chakras with English and Sanskrit Names

You have seven chakras from the base of your spine to the top of your head.

Chakra No.English NameCommon Sanskrit NameCorrect Sanskrit Name
1Root ChakraMuladhara ChakraMūlādhāra Cakra
2Sacral ChakraSwadhisthana ChakraSvādhiṣṭhāna Cakra
3Solar Plexus ChakraManipura ChakraMaṇipūra Cakra
4Heart ChakraAnahata ChakraAnāhata Cakra
5Throat ChakraVishuddha ChakraViśuddha Cakra
6Third-Eye ChakraAjna ChakraĀjñā Cakra
7Crown ChakraSahasrara ChakraSahasrāra Cakra

What Is A Chakra?

Chakras are energy centers along your spine that align with your body’s physical and spiritual systems. They are models of how the energy in your body is connected. Theories of chakras are diverse but all agree that the chakras are energy centers of the subtle body.1Clark p. 72-74

Each chakra is responsible for a variety of bodily functions and emotions.2Nicolai Bachman (2004): The Language Of Yoga, p. 23

Meaning and Pronunciation

Chakra is the Sanskrit word for wheel.

  • Sanskrit: Cakra
  • Devanāgarī: चक्र
  • Say: chuhk-ruh
  • Meaning: wheel3nws.uzi.uni-halle.de

6 Things Each Chakra has

  1. A color
  2. Petals of the lotus flower
  3. A Yantra (geometrical shape)
  4. A Bīja Mantra
  5. An animal symbol
  6. A higher or divine symbol.4Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1993) Kundalini Tantra, p. 74

Chakra Downloads

Poster: 7 Chakra Symbols (PDF)

There is one symbol per chakra. The simplicity of this art makes it great as art for your own home or as a gift for someone else.

This chakra art wallpaper includes:

  • Yantras (symbols)
  • Mantra Symbols
  • 4 different sizes: 24×36“, 18×24“, Din A1, Din A3

7 Posters: Individual Chakras (PDF)

You can place it on your altar or use to do a meditation by focusing on one chakra at a time.

These 7 chakra designs include:

  • Yantras (Symbols)
  • English and Sanskrit names
  • Definitions and Meaning
  • 2 sizes: Letter, A4

Poster: 7 Chakras + Names (PDF)

Looking for a creative, stylish way to decorate your yoga studio or your yoga space at home?

This chakra art wallpaper includes:

  • English and Sanskrit names
  • Yantras (symbols)
  • Mantras
  • 4 different sizes: 24×36“, 18×24“, Din A1, Din A3

Icons: Chakra Symbols (JPG, PNG)

Use these chakra icons to create designs in Canva, for Instagram highlights or to create useful documents for your yoga students.

  • 77 icons
  • 7 different desigs

Chakra Pronunciation Guide

How to pronnounce the Sanskrit names of the 7 chakras:

  1. Mūlādhāra = Moolaa-dhaa-ruh
  2. Svādhiṣṭhāna = Svaa-dhisht-haa-nuh
  3. Maṇipūra = Muh-ni-poor-uh
  4. Anāhata = Uh-naa-huh-tuh
  5. Viśuddha = Vishuud-huh
  6. Ājñā = Aaj-nyaa
  7. Sahasrāra = Suh-hus-raa-ruh

The 7 Chakras Explained: Meaning, Symbols, Mantras, Colours and Definitions

Every chakra is associated with a location in your body, a colour, a bīja mantra, a shape and a function.

Please note: The colours of the chakra vary from source to source, it’s not consistent. I included the colours most associated with each chakra. If you concentration on a chakra you realize another colour, then that is the truth for you.5Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1993) Kundalini Tantra, p. 74

Root Chakra
Sacral Chakra
Solar Plexus Chakra
Heart Chakra
Throat Chakra
Third-Eye Chakra
Crown Chakra

Muladhara Chakra Explained

The 1st chakra is called Mūlādhāra Cakra in Sanskrit. It is the foundation for all the other chakras.6Eliot, p. 44

  • Location: base of your spine7Eliot, p. 44
  • It’s about: material security – how you relate to the material world (job, home, food, security). 8 Saraswati p. 516 9Eliot, p. 44
  • When balanced: You feel grounded, safe, and secure.10Eliot, p. 44

Translation and Pronunciation

  • Sanskrit: मूलाधार
  • Say: Moolaa-dhaa-ruh
  • Meaning: mūla = root; ādhāra = support, hold, base, foundation.11nws.uzi.uni-halle.de

Root Chakra Symbol: Mūlādhāra Yantra

 

 

  • Element: earth
  • Colour: red
  • Bīja Mantra: लं laṃ
  • Shape: 4 petalled deep red lotus
    • A golden yellow square, yantra of the earth element, is supported by an elephant with seven trunks.
    • In the centre of the square is a deep red triangle (pointing down), the symbol of shakti or creative energy.
    • On top of the inverted triangle is the bīja mantra लं laṃ
    • Bīja mantras in the petals: वं vaṃ, शं śaṃ, षं ṣaṃ, and सं saṃ, written in gold
      representing the four vṛttis: greatest joy, natural pleasure, delight in controlling passion, and blissfulness in concentration.12en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muladhara13Saraswati p. 514-1514Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1993) Kundalini Tantra, p. 74, 87

Root Chakra Meditation

  • Visualize the red inverted triangle or the yellow square, symbols of energy and solidity, to enhance inner stability and balance.15 Saraswati p. 516

Swadhisthana Chakra Explained

The 2nd chakra is called Svādhiṣṭhāna Cakra in Sanskrit. It has a correlation to the moon. Just like the moon affects the tides, it also affects this second chakra.16Eliot p. 44

  • Location: pelvic basin and sacrum.
  • It’s about: creativity, sexuality, and the reproductive organs.
  • When balanced: you have a healthy relationship with creativity, intimacy, and sex.17Eliot p. 44

Translation and Pronunciation

  • Sanskrit: स्वाधिष्ठान⠀
  • Say: Svaa-dhisht-haa-nuh
  • Meaning: sva = the self; adhiṣṭhāna = location, basis, seat, place.18nws.uzi.uni-halle.de

Root Chakra Symbol: Svādhiṣṭhāna Yantra

  • Element: water
  • Colour: orange-red
  • Bīja Mantra: वं vaṃ⠀
  • Shape: 6 petalled vermilion lotus19Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1993) Kundalini Tantra, p. 74
    • Centre: white crescent moon.20Saraswati p. 516
    • The petals represent: the modes of consciousness (vṛttis): affection, pitilessness, feeling of all-destructiveness, delusion, disdain, and suspicion.
    • Bīja mantras in the petals: बं baṃ, भं bhaṃ, मं maṃ, यं yaṃ, रं raṃ and लं laṃ.21en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svadhishthana

Sacral Chakra Meditation

  • Visualize a vast, deep ocean with dark waves beneath a night sky. The tides of the ocean represent the ebb and flow of awareness.22Saraswati p. 517

Manipura Chakra Explained

The 3rd chakra is called Maṇipūra Cakra in Sanskrit. It is associated with ambition and the will and ability to rule.23Saraswati p. 517

  • Location: solar plexus
  • It’s about: your digestive system, gut intuition, confidence, and self-esteem.
  • When balanced: strong, positive role within society.24Eliot p. 44

Translation and Pronunciation

  • Sanskrit: मणिपूर
  • Say: Muh-ni-poor-uh
  • Meaning: maṇi = a necklace of jewels or pearls; pūra = to fill, full, fulfilling.25nws.uzi.uni-halle.de
    • Note: Almost everywhere, Maṇipūra is translated to city of jewels. I claim that, if it is really written Maṇipūra, this is not the correct translation because the Sanskrit word for city is “pura” with a short u, while “pūra” is an incorrect spelling. That’s why I’m going with Bachmann’s26Nicolai Bachman (2004): The Language Of Yoga, p. 23 translation: filled with jewels. Because if “city of jewels” would be the correct translation, then this chakra should be written with a short u: Maṇipura.27pura means city: nws.uzi.uni-halle.de
      pūra is incorrect for pura: www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de

Root Chakra Symbol: Maṇipūra Yantra

  • Element: fire
  • Colour: yellow⠀
  • Bīja Mantra: रं raṃ
  • Shape: 10 petalled bright yellow lotus28Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1993) Kundalini Tantra, p. 74
    • Centre: fiery red triangle.29Saraswati p. 517
    • Sanskrit letters in the petals: ḍa, ḍha, ṇa, ta, tha, da, dha, na, pa, and pha.30https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manipura

Sacral Chakra Meditation

  • Visualize the blazing sun or a ball of fire. Experience energy in the form of light radiating from this region and permeating the whole body.31Saraswati p. 517

Concentrate on Manipura Chakra if you suffer from:

  • sluggishness and depression
  • malfunctions of the digestive system (diabetes. indigestion, …)32Saraswati p. 517

Anahata Chakra Explained

The 4th chakra is called Anāhata Cakra in Sanskrit. It is the centre of unconditional love. 33Saraswati p. 518

  • Location: heart
  • It’s about: your emotional state.
  • When balanced: you have a greater capacity for love, compassion, and generosity.34Eliot p. 44

Translation and Pronunciation

Heart Chakra Symbol: Anāhata Yantra

  • Element: air
  • Colour: green
  • Bīja Mantra: यं yaṃ⠀
  • Shape: 12 petalled blue lotus37Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1993) Kundalini Tantra, p. 74
    • Centre: a hexagon formed by two interlacing triangles. 38Saraswati p. 518
    • Syllables in the petals: kaṃ, khaṃ, gaṃ, dhaṃ, caṃ, dvaṃ, jaṃ, jhaṃ, ñaṃ, ṭaṃ, ṭhaṃ.39Acharya Bhagwan Dev (2004). Pranayam, Kundalini and Hatha Yoga

Heart Chakra Meditation

Visualize a blue lotus or a blue hexagon, formed by two interlacing triangles, with a tiny, bright flame burning at the centre. Imagine it to be steady and unflickering like a flame in a windless place. 40Saraswati p. 518

Concentrate on Anahata Chakra if you suffer from:

Anaemia, hypertension, palpitations, tuberculosis, asthma and bronchitis.41Saraswati p. 518

Vishuddha Chakra Explained

The 5th Chakra is called Viśuddha Cakra in Sanskrit. It is the centre of purification.42Saraswati p. 518

  • Location: at the back of your neck, behind your throat pit.43Saraswati p. 518
  • It’s about: your vital communication center.
  • When balanced: You are able to freely express our feelings and truth in our relationships and the world.44Eliot p. 44

Translation and Pronunciation

Throat Chakra Symbol: Viśuddha Yantra

  • Element: ether
  • Colour: blue
  • Bīja Mantra: हं haṃ
  • Shape: 16 petalled violet lotus47Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1993) Kundalini Tantra, p. 74
    • Centre: a white circle 48Saraswati p. 518

Throat Chakra Meditation

Visualize a large white drop of nectar. 49Saraswati p. 519

Concentrate on Vishuddha Chakra if you suffer from:

Disorders of vocal cords, the region of the larynx, and the thyroid and parathyroid glands. 50Saraswati p. 518

Ajna Chakra Explained

The 6th Chakra is called Ājñā Cakra in Sanskrit. It is the seat of the witness that watches and observes the constant flow of reality.51Eliot p. 44

  • Location: in the midbrain, behind the eyebrow centre, at the top of the spine. 52Saraswati p. 519
  • It’s about: the ability to transform through the use of intuition, dreams, visualization, and imagination. 53Eliot p. 44
  • When balanced: we are calm, centered, and connected to our higher guiding force. 54Eliot p. 44

Translation and Pronunciation

Third-Eye Chakra Symbol: Ājñā Yantra

  • Element: ether or manas (mind)
  • Colour: indigo / purple
  • Bīja Mantra: ॐ oṃ⠀
  • Shape: 2 petalled silver-grey lotus56Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1993) Kundalini Tantra, p. 74
    • The petals represent the sun and the moon.57Saraswati p. 519

Third-Eye Chakra Meditation

Visualise a tiny point of light or an om symbol at the eyebrow centre.58Saraswati p. 520

Sahasrara Chakra Explained

The 7th Chakra is called Sahasrāra Cakra in Sanskrit. It is not really a chakra but the abode of highest consciousness. It transcends all the elements, colors, and sounds. 59Saraswati p. 52060Eliot p. 45

  • Location: crown of your head
  • When balanced: you are connected to the source of all life. 61Eliot p. 45

Translation and Pronunciation

  • Sanskrit: सहस्रार⠀
  • Say: Suh-hus-raa-ruh
  • Meaning: sahasrāra = thousand spokes.62nws.uzi.uni-halle.de 

Crown Chakra Symbol: Sahasrāra Yantra

  • Colour: violet
  • Bīja Mantra: ॐ oṃ
  • Shape: 1000 petalled multicolored or red lotus63Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1993) Kundalini Tantra, p. 74
    • The petals contain the fifty-two bīja mantras of the Sanskrit alphabet twenty times over.
    • Centre: a shining symbol of pure consciousness.64Saraswati p. 520
Sources

Chakra knowledge:

  • Eliot, Travis (2018): A Journey Into Yin Yoga
  • Saraswati, Satyananda (1969): Asana Pranayama Mudra Bandha
  • Saraswati, Satyananda (1993) Kundalini Tantra
  • Nicolai Bachman (2004): The Language Of Yoga
  • Bernie Clark (2016): Yinsights
  • Wiki: Chakra
  • Wiki: Muladhara

Phonetic respelling:

Sanskrit dictionary:

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